HOME > Mongchon History > History of Mongchon

History of Mongchon

Time-travelling to the Baekje Dynasty in the 21st century Seoul


Time-travelling to the Baekje Dynasty in the 21st-century Seoul
The Olympic Park, operated and managed by KSPO (Korea Sports Promotion Foundation), is a multi complex for sports, culture and leisure in the spirit of 1988 Seoul Olympic Games.
  • Mongchon Fortress

    Mongchon Fortress had been remained as a mystery for its meaning except the fact that it was the fortress of Hanseong Baekje Era. Entering 1980’s, since this area was confirmed as a construction site for the 1988 Seoul Olympics, the real purpose of this fortress was required to figure out. To restore the fortress in the shape of a relic park and to gain the historical research materials, Seoul National University Museum conducted 5 rounds of excavation researches from 1983 to 1988. With all the material from the excavations, Mongchon Fortress has been shaped into what it looks like today.

    The ramparts of Mongchon Fortress were built with clay soil as it was located on the Han River tributary.

    Especially, wooden fences were constructed on the northern wall platform and a deep moat was formed around the fortress. The feature of this fortress is that it is positioned to defend against enemies coming from the northern direction.

    Along with the houses, dokmudeom (coffins made with large pots), storage pits etc. various relics including Baekje earthenware, weapons, fishing hooks, stone mortars etc. were excavated forming precious research materials for the Baekje era

    Mongchon Fortress

  • Gommal Bridge

    Originally, this bridge was called Mongchon Bridge, and Mongchon means "Ggum-maeul [Village of Dreams]" in Korean. "Gommal" is the ancient word for Ggum-maeul, and in March 1986, the Seoul City Geographical Naming Committee changed its name from Mongchon Bridge to "Gommal Bridge" to restore the pure and beautiful Korean language

    Gommal Bridge

  • The Wooden Fences of Mongchon Fortress

    The wooden fences of Korea were used as a method of defense against the enemy from the early Iron Age to the Joseon Dynasty. The wooden fences of Mongchon Fortress are differentiated with other ones as they were built on top of the clay walls.

    According to the results of investigations by the Seoul National University Museum between 1983~1988, the position of the wooden fences in Mongchon Fortress was confirmed.

    It is thought that large wooden columns were erected with gaps of 1.8 meters in holes with depths of 30~90 centimeters and diameters of 30~40 centimeters in the base rock, and between the columns, reinforcement columns were erected.
    The height of the wooden fence is not known precisely, but it is estimated to have been 2m or higher. These wooden fences were restored in accordance with the estimated original position of the discovered & investigated wooden columns.

    The Wooden Fence of Mongchon Fortress

  • Dugout Hut Site

    After a 6-stage precision excavation process, 4 above-ground structure sites and 12 dugout hut sites were discovered. These dugout hut sites are located in high areas with altitudes of 25m above sea level. They can be divided into 3 types depending on the level form and depth.

    First is the type made by digging the hill slope into an L shape, and these are dominant in terms of numbers. Second is the dugout with the level surface in the shape of a quadrangle, and at the time this was made by digging about 1m from the ground surface. From these dugout huts horse bones and iron weapons were mainly excavated, so it is thought that these were used not as general households but for special military purposes. The third dugout hut was in a level form of a hexagonal structure with the entrance installed where the short sides of the hexagon meet (southeastern side).

    The length of the long wall is about 6m and the short wall is about 4m. There are 10 holes for pillars on the long wall, and the diameter of each hole is about 50cm. There are 4~5 holes for pillars also on the short wall, and the standard diameter of these holes is about 20~30cm, but they tend to be larger in the corners as they have to support more weight.

    There are no separate facilities within the dugout huts, but at the northeastern side corner, an ondol shaped stove stand out. Of the 4 dugout huts exhibited here, number 1 is the second quadrangle type, but as the number 2 hut was constructed after its abandonment, many areas have been bent and withered away. The number 3 & 4 huts are the typical hexagonal types, and after the abandonment of the number 3 hut, it was moved slightly to the east, and the number 4 hut was constructed.

    Hut Site